Play is preparing a child for work, and it is gradually being replaced by work. Therefore, it is as necessary to direct the student’s play as it is to lead his whole life. At school age, he already understands a lot, learns even more, but he cannot always cope with this flow of knowledge on his own. It is necessary to help the student to allocate his time so that school activities, socially useful work, and recreation – sports, games, entertainment – are given a certain place in the daily routine.
The pleasure that children experience while playing has a great positive effect on them. First of all, the hygienic value of games is important. A joyful mood always predetermines physiological changes in the child’s body – the metabolism increases, the activity of respiration and blood circulation increases. Strong emotional arousal greatly affects the nervous system.
Active fun games cause increased activity of the higher parts of the brain associated with intellect and will.
These features of children’s play make them a powerful educational tool. We must provide children with the opportunity to play fun, not only for their health, but also for their mental and moral (and, of course, physical) development.
Exercise and play can only benefit children if they do it regularly (usually outdoors) and if parents and caregivers make sure that the exercise is appropriate for the strength and age of the child.
For children 7-8 years old, physical exercises and outdoor games, which strengthen the muscles of the back, abdomen and chest, are especially useful. It is extremely important that the child learns to breathe through the nose through exercise and play. Very useful for little schoolchildren are games and exercises with balls, a hoop, a jump rope, as well as “tagging”, playing “classes”, “hide and seek”, etc.
Lifting and carrying large loads, pulling up on hands, power games are not recommended. A large force load leads to premature growth arrest and cardiac disorders.
For children 9-10 years old, strength exercises can be allowed, but short-term – games with various tugs, “cock fighting” (for boys), etc. Skiing with adults can be especially recommended. It is possible to allow classes on the so-called gymnastic towns (swings with ladders, ropes and climbing poles). Classes on gymnastic apparatus – uneven bars, rings, a crossbar – should not be allowed without the special supervision of a physical education teacher.
In adolescents 12-15 years old, the body is already rapidly growing in length. At this time, as a rule, there is a deterioration in the coordination of movements (angularity and awkwardness of adolescents). Gymnastics, sports and games will help to weaken these phenomena, reduce the time of this period. You should be especially attentive to the reaction of the adolescent’s body when exercising associated with long running, wrestling, gymnastics (on apparatus) and in games with great physical activity (football, basketball).